IFI governance

Background

From interim strategy to full country partnership: lessons from Myanmar

10 October 2014

From Interim Strategy to Full Country Partnership:  Lessons from Myanmar
Sponsors:  Burma Partnership, AltSEAN, US Campaign for Burma, Project 2049 Institute, Conflict Risk Network
Panelists:  Khin Ohmar (Coordinator, Burma Partnership), CHAIR: Debbie Stothard (Secretary General, FIDH),

Debbie Stothard (Altsean-Burma and Secretary General FIDH):

  • Peace process- shake with one hand and shoot with the other. No participation of women.
  • Perpetual Interment of Rowinga population. Anti-Muslim legislation. Bill passed prohibiting inter-faith marriages. Government has requested that private firms not hire Muslims.
  • How does one halt a genocidal population and prevent investors from exposure to these violations. Rekine state scramble for lands linked to natural gas. Government sells lands to cronies once population flees.
  • How can due diligence be guaranteed to prevent gross violations of human rights.
  • Government has been given time to expand genocidal actions against Muslim community and the rooting of an ultra-nationalist Buddhist movement. Impunity for sex crimes. Time to legitimise land-grabbing. Increased poverty.

Jelson Garcia (BIC):

WB 2011 – alleged paradigm shift in way that Bank deals with FCS. Increase capacity and identify possibilities for support peacebuilding, early support for confidence-building measures and investments.

US Campaign for Burma:

  • IFI watch Myanmar – work together to decide response/ engagement to Bank.
  • Primary concern – lack of substance in CSO consultation. CPF – substantive changes to consultations proposed. To date the process has been centred in Rangoon. Primary concern voiced by all organisations in IFI watch.
  • Joint submission – more than 50 organisations have put to Bank for Country Partnership Framework.
  • First concern: use of conflict-sensitive approach. Ongoing conflict. Impact of energy policy. Have suggested a conflict-mapping exercise. Since 2011 investment and development have become drivers of conflict. Thus organisations working on human rights have had to adjust to ask questions regarding causes of displacement, which is now very much linked to economic/ development issues. This is the trend even beyond indigenous areas.
  • Concern with land confiscation – governance over land favours the state. Two new laws passed to strengthen state power to confiscate land. Affects issues of nutrition and poverty.  Lack of formal grievance mechanism as judiciary is not independent. The approach must go beyond projects and be seen from a systemic/ country-strategy perspective.
  • Need to revisit financing for agriculture – micro credit will not necessarily work in agriculture.
  • SMEs – economy run by cronies – formation of monopolies. Son of general runs monopoly in seed company. Bank should get involved in dealing with governance issues.
  • Banking sector is also problematic. Changes are needed to financing to SME – law prohibits any firm less than three-years from receiving finance. Change cannot derive from IFC involvement with crony financiers. Most SMEs are not in fact SMEs, they are linked to very entrenched interests.
  • Energy – Burma not energy poor, although population is energy poor. Most energy is exported to China and Thailand. Joint submission has stressed need for attention to local energy needs. Have demanded clean, not coal, energy.
  • Hydropower – Indications that Bank may be interested in hydropower. All proposed damns are in ethnic areas and are large projects opposed by local communities.

Human Rights Watch – contribution to Framework – all analysis must be based on Human Rights-based approach. Arakan state -Rowinga area in pre-genocidal period, also victim of scramble for resources, including tourism development.

BIC  – to be fair, Bank is in the process of conducting Country Diagnostics assessment. CSO have stressed need not to de-linked development from ongoing conflict dynamics.

New Country Manager of Bank in Myanmar –

  • Nothing being said is alien to new Manager. WDR 2011 is informing Bank activities in Myanmar.
  • Systematic Country Diagnostics – will integrate conflict lens. Working to support transition to democracy, conflict and ‘normal’ economy. Happy to hear from CSOs that are working hard with colleagues in Myanmar.
  • Bank has attempted to support CSO consultation. Working toward twin goals. Discussion for CPF – timeline – March 2015 to the Board.
  • Looks forward to ongoing consultations. Is using conflict filters, not limited to investments but also in ‘knowledge work.’ Minimum, do no harm, but seeking to support positive transition.
  • Focus on inclusion. Conflict filter will be very much part of Bank strategy. Very committed, along with IFC to manage complex transition.
  • Recognise the challenges. At the end the clients are the people of Myanmar. Share common interest.
  • Will Bank respond to the CSO submission? A: yes, absolutely.
  • With CPF many more consultations will take place. Hope to use consultations to inform programme. Not one-off discussion, it is an ongoing dialogue. Need to take into consideration comparative advantage, will not attempt to do everything.
    Electrification – will focus on needs of rural areas, not urban areas where some access can be had.
  • On Land – land governance assessment framework – puts domestic stakeholders at the centre. Eg, formally in Moldova – where domestic stakeholders drove the process. Committed to responding to all partners that have participated in consultations.

BIC – Have heard Bank commitments but must follow-up.

Centre for Policy Alternatives (Colombo)

Burma presentation mirrors Sri Lanka experiences.

2009 – war has ended but not conflict. Increasing militarisation and human rights violations. Breakdown of rule of law. Post war development drive. Urban planning department now under Ministry of Defense.

Objective – slum-free Colombo by 2030, however Colombo does not have slums such as in Mumbai.

Metro Colombo Urban Development/ Urban Regeneration Project – both necessary for government’s development plan.

WB is building the capacity of a military government, not a democratic institution and providing support to it.

Many forcible evictions – 75 to 135,000 families may be moved to outside Colombo – from government publications and statements.

Government narrative – majority of, admittedly poor people, hold land title. Sri Lanka has quite decent legislative framework. However these are not followed. Taking people to small apartments that cannot be sold – from houses that are legally owned.

750 families are affected by World Bank project – however same agency is involved in both projects, ie, the forcible eviction of 135,000. Agency follows WB standards in the former case, thus neighbours are treated differently. However both sets of people are sharing the same high-rise…Contrast is therefore very evident.

Issues with Bank:

Lack of consultation – staggered by ignorance of Bank staff. Some evictions took place a block away from WB office. Bank has turned a blind eye to evictions. Nothing that can be done, given WB is not involved in the more egregious process.

Lack of awareness of legal changes and processes. WB is funding the capacity of an agency that is involved in gross human rights violations, whether or not funding the second component of URP project.

Bank support to Ministry of Defense is in contravention of Bank’s own efforts to strengthen democratic governance.

Same concerns apply to other international organisations. What is the role of the Bank in ensuring due process? No effort to monitor whether standards, eg, Resettlement Action Plan (RAP), are being implemented.

Bank is well placed to pressurise government as a key lender. Minimum expectation of the Bank.

Bank response – if we pressure the Bank than they would be told to leave. What is then the implication: that the government would rather forego the resources than to follow safeguards.

Burmese CSO representative –

In last census some ethnic minorities not able to participate in process.

BIC – Myanmar is rich in natural resources – expansion of IFC/ MIGA involvement.

EIRIS Conflict Risk Network – works with private investors to support private sector to undertake conflict –sensitive investments.

Work in Sudan, initially originating from Darfur conflict.

Sudan is resource rich and population is energy poor. Have flagged that some sectors should be ‘off limits’ to US investment – ie, divestment. US affirms the responsibility of investor to engage management: human rights, extraction, corruption.

Lessons: IFIs must set the terms of investments and ensure that they are not complicit in abuses. UN framework is the internationally accepted standard.  Human rights impact assessments, etc. Expanded pressure for disclosure – eg, US reporting requirement. Investors are using these requirements as a basis for requests for information.

CSO – Conflict sensitive tourism:

Political economy in each state is quite different. Communities are very afraid of mega infrastructure projects.

Kachin CSO leader:

Burma is more complicated than Sudan and Sri Lanka – highlights the impact of drug issues – report “Silent Offensive”.  Many people displaced from the fighting have lost rights to land.

What are the main challenges to work in Burma?

International Relations OIC for Movement for Democracy Current Forces and Cooperative Committee for Trade Unions:

Major constraints relate to rule of law challenges.

US Campaign for Burma: many armed groups, including ethnic armed groups, proxy militia, breakaway factions who act as drug lords. Extremely complex web of authority.

FIDH:

In Karen state – during war, at least ‘we could grow rice during rainy season’ because the government would not come. Now we have no land. Drug lords have been given legitimacy through the peace process.

During ‘peace’ military is using drugs to cement authority.

Tilawagh (Jica project 49% stakeholder) special economic zone – ‘best practice’ – workers pay to go to work due to transport costs.

Way forward – use pressure from private investors. Engagement for its sake does not work. Rangoon is a capacity building fest… Myanmar is hungry for development.

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Background

5 October 2009 | Minutes

Future of the Global Financial System

Notes of part of a panel debate chaired by Martin Wolf of the Financial Times, Istanbul, 4 October 2009.

Finance

Background

4 October 2009 | Minutes

Report launch: Post-crisis growth in developing countries

Growth commission event in Istanbul.

IFI governance

Background

4 October 2009 | Minutes

The UN conference and the G20 summit

Minutes from The UN conference and the G20 summit, civil society policy forum discussion on 3 October 2009. Istanbul, Turkey

IFI governance

Background

4 October 2009 | Minutes

Critical debate on the World Bank and IMF

Summary of a presentation made by Professor Anwar Shaikh, the New School for Social Research, on "Monetary Policy and the Global Crisis"

IFI governance

Background

4 October 2009 | Minutes

Global economic governance roundtable

Summary of a discussion with German government representatives, Jomo KS of the UN and civil society organisations.

Environment

Background

27 April 2009 | Minutes

The World Bank's programs on forests and climate change

A civil society event organised by World Resources Institute (WRI) at the World Bank spring meetings 2009

IFI governance

Background

27 April 2009 | Minutes

Compliance Advisory Ombudsman review of standards for Bank’s private sector lending

Notes of a session with the CAO at the World Bank spring meetings, Washington, DC, April 22, 2009.

IFI governance

Background

25 April 2009 | Minutes

IMF crisis response- discussion

Notes of a meeting between the IMF and civil society organisations

Environment

Background

13 April 2008 | Minutes

Dialogue with NGOs and Lars Thunell, Executive Vice President and CEO, IFC

Dialogue with NGOs and Lars Thunell, Executive Vice President and CEO, IFC

Environment

Background

11 April 2008 | Minutes

Macroeconomic and fiscal implications of climate change and the policies to address it

A briefing by IMF economists at the spring meetings 2008.

IFI governance

Background

11 April 2008 | Minutes

Briefing on the World Bank's Six Strategic Themes

Minutes of a briefing by World Bank staff on the WBG's six strategic themese

Conditionality

Background

11 April 2008 | Minutes

IMF consultation in advance of the PSI review

Notes of a consultation between IMF staff and NGOs in advance of the PSI review

Social services

Background

10 April 2008 | Minutes

Structural conditionalities in the IMF: A discussion between the IMF, IEO, and CSOs

An upcoming civil society report demonstrates that IMF structural conditionality did not decline in the five years after the approval of the Fund's conditionality guidelines in September 2002, which were based on the principles of ownership and criticality in its application of structural conditionality, as well as to streamlining the number of conditions. Going on seven years, it seems that these guidelines have been more honoured in principle than in practice. A recent Independent Evaluation O

Finance

Background

26 October 2007 | Minutes

Macroeconomic aspects of aid scaling up and the role of the Fund

Highlights of a 21 October discussion on the macroeconomics of aid scaling up at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

Conditionality

Background

26 October 2007 | Minutes

Wage bill ceilings, fiscal and monetary policies and absorbing aid inflows - updates and next steps

Highlights of a 20 October discussion on the the IMF's fiscal and monetary policy advice and conditionality for low-income countries at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

IFI governance

Background

26 October 2007 | Minutes

Rethinking the governance of the IMF

Highlights of a 19 October discussion on the reform of IMF governance at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

IFI governance

Background

26 October 2007 | Minutes

The role of low-income countries in IFI governance

Highlights of a 19 October discussion on the role of low-income countries in IMF governance at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

Conditionality

Background

26 October 2007 | Minutes

The IMF's Policy Support Instrument: more flexibility or continued belt tightening

Highlights of a 21 October discussion on the IMF's Policy Support Instrument (PSI) at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

Environment

Background

23 October 2007 | Minutes

Townhall meeting and reception with World Bank and IMF presidents and civil society representatives

Highlights of an 18 October 'town hall' meeting between WB-IMF heads and CSOs.

Environment

Background

23 October 2007 | Minutes

The agenda of the Development Committee and the provision of Global Public Goods

Highlights of a 20 October meeting hosted by the FES Foundation on global public goods, at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

Infrastructure

Background

23 October 2007 | Minutes

Climate change and clean energy challenges and opportunities in addressing Africa's growing energy n

Highlights of a meeting at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

Infrastructure

Background

23 October 2007 | Minutes

Low carbon, high hopes: making climate action work for development

Highlights of a 19 October meeting at the World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2007.

Environment

Background

5 October 2007 | Minutes

Highlights of BWI-UK network meeting with Douglas Alexander

Highlights of a 4 October meeting between NGOs in the BWI-UK network and secretary of state for international development, Douglas Alexander, addressing IFI strategic reviews, aid effectiveness, clean energy/climate change and a number of other issues.

Conditionality

Background

27 April 2007 | Minutes

IMF macroeconomic policies and the impacts on education budgets and teacher wages

IMF civil society dialogue, spring meetings 2007 (14 April 2007)

Conditionality

Background

27 April 2007 | Minutes

IEO Evaluation of the IMF and Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa

Civil society dialogue, spring meetings 2007 (12 April 2007) on the IEO Evaluation of the IMF and Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa

IFI governance

Background

27 April 2007 | Minutes

European CSO meeting with European IMF EDs

Incomplete minutes of European CSO meeting with European IMF EDs, 13 April 2007

Conditionality

Background

20 April 2007 | Minutes

Fiscal space and fiscal priorities: Infrastructure, trade and poverty

This panel discussion addressed the pros and cons of fiscal space for infrastructure when infrastructure is trade-related, what they mean for current proposals by the World Bank and IMF on fiscal space, and the importance of an assessment that looks jointly at the trade and financial aspects on the grounds of poverty reduction, development and environment goals.

Conditionality

Background

19 April 2007 | Minutes

Sub-Saharan Africa: Outlook and Challenges

Sub-Saharan Africa: Outlook and Challenges; IMF-civil society dialogue, 13 April 2007

IFI governance

Background

26 October 2006 | Minutes

Highlights of Hilary Benn meeting with UK NGOs

Highlights of semi-annual meeting between UK Secretary of State for International Development and UK NGOs. Topics covered include CSO access to annual meetings, conditionality, anti-corruption, odious debt, clean energy, education in LICUS, bank internal governance, IFC safeguards

IFI governance

Background

26 September 2006 | Minutes

Highlights of Tom Scholar meeting with UK NGOs

Highlights of quarterly meeting between UK executive director to the World Bank and IMF and UK NGOs. Topics covered include CSO access to annual meetings, IMF strategic review, conditionality, anti-corruption and education.

IFI governance

Background

28 June 2006 | Minutes

Highlights of Tom Scholar meeting with UK NGOs, Monday 26 June 2006

Highlights of Tom Scholar meeting with UK NGOs, Monday 26 June 2006

IFI governance

Background

9 May 2006 | Minutes

Policy issues in scaling up of aid flows

Highlights of a spring meetings dialogue hosted by the IMF on scaling-up aid, where senior Fund staff Peter Heller walked out.

Social services

Background

28 April 2006 | Minutes

Evaluating the impact of the PRGF: The cases of Ethiopia, Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia

Highlights of a civil society dialogue on the IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, at the World Bank spring meetings in Washington, 20 April 2006.

Infrastructure

Background

27 April 2006 | Minutes

World Bank dialogue on the clean energy investment framework

Highlights of a World Bank-organised dialogue on its new clean energy investment framework at the spring meetings in Washington, 24 April 2006.

IFI governance

Background

25 April 2006 | Minutes

Briefing on the implementation of new IFC performance standards

Briefing on the implementation of new IFC performance standards at the World Bank-IMF spring meetings in Washington, 20 April 2006.

Conditionality

Background

25 April 2006 | Minutes

Dialogue on national development strategies and the Millennium Development Goals

Dialogue on national development strategies and the Millennium Development Goals at the World Bank-IMF spring meetings in Washington, 20 April 2006.

Finance

Background

25 April 2006 | Minutes

Dialogue on Fund role in middle-income countries

Dialogue on Fund role in middle-income countries at the World Bank-IMF spring meetings in Washington, Thursday 20 April.

IFI governance

Background

6 October 2004 | Minutes

Grants or Loans? The Full Debate

The session considered the arguments surrounding the provision of grants or loans by IDA. It considered the recent call by President Bush for the World Bank and other development banks to provide more of their funds to the poorest countries as grants, in recognition of the pivotal role that grants play in providing prudent financing for pressing development needs.

IFI governance

Background

4 October 2004 | Minutes

CSO meeting with European Executive Directors

Note from meeting in Washington between European IFI network and European EDs as part of the civil society programme of the World Bank and IMF Annual Meetings 04.

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5 April 2016

IFI governance

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28 September 2015

IFI governance

Analysis

World Bank-IMF annual meetings 2015

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30 September 2015

IFI governance

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